Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked state in South Asia, located at the eastern end of the Himalayas and bordered to the south, east and west by India and to the north by the People Republic of China.
Bhutan is separated from the nearby country of Nepal to the west by the Indian state of Sikkim, and from Bangladesh to the south by the Indian states of Assam and West Bengal.
Bhutan existed as a patchwork of minor warring fiefdoms until the early 17th century when the area was unified by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, who fled religious persecution in Tibet and cultivated a separate Bhutanese identity.
In the early 20th century, Bhutan came into contact with the British Empire, after which Bhutan continued strong bilateral relations with India upon its independence.
Landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, with some peaks exceeding 7,000 meters (23,000 ft). The population of 691,141 is predominantly Buddhist, with Hinduism the second-largest religion.
The capital and largest city are Thimpu. The total area of the country has been reported as 38,394 square kilometers (14,824 sq mi) since 2002 Bhutan in an ancient civilization dating back its history as long as 2000BC having its own identity and never been colonized by any external forces but the modern legislative was established by late king Jigme Dorji Wangchuck in 1953 AD with 130 members of National assembly to promote democratic system of ruling government.
Bhutan legally flourished and established as a sovereign nation in 1971 AD after it formally got a membership of the United Nation after waiting for the span of 3 years as a held observer. Even though It has a monarchy its ruling system is democratic and the king is held as a ceremonial who held very little executive power.
Bhutan is a developing country whose major economic activities include Agriculture, Tourism, Hydroelectricity, etc. Besides that animal husbandry and handy craft also plays a vital role in the running economy. Here, large scale industries are still in infancy but Bhutan self sustains in cement, Steel, bricks and metal alloys.
The agricultural product includes rice, chilies, dairy (some yak, mostly cow) products, buckwheat, barley, root crops, apples, and citrus and maize at lower elevations.
Industries include cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, and calcium carbide.
The Country has a Gross Domestic Product of around US$5.855 billion (adjusted to purchasing power parity), making it the 158th-largest economy in the world Bhutan has very difficult terrain and Complex land structure hence transportation has always been a challenge.
There is one and only Paro Airport connect Bhutan with the rest of the world through air and for internal movement roadways is the only option as there are no rail or seaways. Bhutan has an estimated population of 754388 with the average age group of 24 years with 60 percent of the people being literate.
People Speak primarily Dozonkha and besides that almost 30 percent of people speak Nepali. In general, Bhutan is a peaceful country ranked very high in happiness index among south Asian countries where people follow Buddhism and believe in peaceful coexistence. It’s one of the safest countries with people of kind heart and civilized nature.
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